FCI-Standard N°144 / 10.
04. 2002 / GB
TRANSLATION : Mrs C. Seidler, revised by Mrs Sporre-Willes
and R. Triquet.
ORIGIN : Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
UTILIZATION : Companion, Guard and Working Dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group
2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds- Swiss
Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 2.1 Molossoid breeds, mastiff type.
With working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
The small, so called Brabant Bullenbeisser is regarded
as the immediate ancestor of the Boxer. In the past,
the breeding of these Bullenbeissers was in the
hands of the huntsmen, whom they assisted during
the chase. Their task was to seize the game put
up by chasing hounds and hold it firmly until the
huntsman arrived and put an end to the prey. For
this job the dog had to have as wide jaws as possible
with broadly spaced teeth, in order to bite firmly
and hold on tightly. A Bullenbeisser which had these
characteristics was best suited to this job and
was used for breeding. Previously only the ability
to work and utilization were considered. Selective
breeding was carried out which produced a dog with
a wide muzzle and an upturned nose.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : The Boxer
is a medium sized, smooth coated, sturdy dog of
compact square build and strong bone. His muscles
are taut, strongly developed and moulded in appearance.
His movement is lively, powerful with noble bearing.
The Boxer must be neither cumbersome or heavy, nor
light or lacking in body substance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
a) Length of body / Height at withers : Square build,
which means that the horizontal line of the back
is perpendicular to the vertical line passing through
the point of shoulder and to the other vertical
line passing through the point of buttock, thus
defining a square outline.
b) Depth of brisket / Height at withers : The chest
reaches to the elbows. Depth of chest is half the
height at withers.
c) Length of nose bridge / Length of head : Length
of nose bridge in relation to skull should be 1
: 2 (measured from tip of nose to inner corner of
eye or, respectively, inner corner of eye to occiput).
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT : The
Boxer should be fearless self-confident, calm and
equable. Temperament is of the utmost importance
and requires careful attention. Devotion and loyalty
towards his master and his entire household, his
watchfulness and self-assured courage as a defender
are famous. He is harmless with his family but distrustful
of strangers. Happy and friendly in play, yet fearless
in a serious situation. Easy to train on account
of his willingness to obey, his pluck and courage,
natural keenness and scent capability. Undemanding
and clean, he is just as agreeable and appreciated
in the family circle as he is as a guard, companion
and working dog. His character is trustworthy, with
no guile or cunning, even in old age.
HEAD : This gives the Boxer
his characteristic look. Must be in good proportion
to the body and appear neither too light nor too
heavy. Muzzle should be as broad and powerful as
possible. The harmony of the head depends on the
balance between muzzle and skull. From whichever
direction the head is viewed, from front above or
sideways, the muzzle must always be in the right
proportion to the skull i.e. it must never appear
too small. It should be clean, not showing any wrinkle.
However natural folds are formed in the cranial
region when alerted. From root of nose, folds are
always indicated running in a downward direction
on both sides. The dark mask is confined to the
muzzle and must be in sharp contrast to the colour
of the head so that the face does not appear sombre.
CRANIAL REGION :
Skull : The cranial region should be as lean and
angular as possible. It is slightly arched, neither
round and short nor flat; neither should it be too
broad. Occiput not too pronounced. Furrow in forehead
only slightly marked, must not be too deep, especially
between the eyes.
Stop : The forehead forms a distinct stop towards
bridge of nose. Bridge of nose must not be forced
back into the forehead as in the Bulldog, nor should
it be downfaced.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Nose is broad and black and only slightly
turned up with wide nostrils. Tip of nose is placed
slightly higher than root of nose.
Muzzle : The muzzle is powerfully developed in three
dimensional volume, neither pointed or narrow, nor
short or shallow. Its appearance is influenced by
a) Shape of jaw. b) Position of canine teeth. c)
Shape of lips. The canines must be placed as far
apart as possible and must be of good length, making
the front of the muzzle broad, almost square and
forming a blunt angle with bridge of nose.
In front, the edge of the upper lip rests on the
edge of the lower lip. The part of the lower jaw
with lower lip curved upwards, called the chin,
must not markedly protrude over upper lip, seen
from front. Nor should it be hidden by the lip but
should be well defined from front and side.
The canines and incisors of the lower jaw must not
be visible when mouth is closed, neither should
the tongue show. Median groove in the upper lip
(philtrum) is clearly visible.
Lips : The lips complete the shape of the muzzle.
The upper lip is thick and padded and fills the
space formed by the undershot lower jaw; it is supported
by the lower canines.
Jaws/Teeth : The lower jaw exceeds the upper jaw
and is slightly curved upwards. The Boxer is undershot.
The upper jaw is broad where it joins the cranial
region, tapering only slightly towards the front.
The teeth are strong and healthy. The incisors are
as even as possible, set in a straight line. Canines
wide apart and of good size.
Cheeks : Cheeks are developed in proportion with
the strong jaws without markedly bulging. They merge
with the muzzle in a slight curve.
Eyes : The dark eyes are neither too small nor protruding
or deep set. Their expression conveys energy and
intelligence and must not be threatening or piercing.
Eye rims must be dark.
Ears : The natural ears are of appropriate size.
They are set on wide apart on highest part of skull.
In repose they lie close to the cheeks and turn
forward with a definite crease especially when the
dog is alert.
NECK : Topline runs in an elegant
arch from the clearly marked nape to the withers.
It should be of ample length, round, strong and
BODY : Square body resting
on sturdy straight legs.
Withers : Should be marked.
Back : Including loin should be short, firm, straight,
broad and muscular.
Croup : Slightly sloping, broad and only slightly
arched. Pelvis should be long and broad, especially
Chest : Deep, reaching to elbows. Depth of chest
is half the height at withers. Well formed forechest.
Underline : Running towards rear in elegant line.
Short taut flanks slightly tucked up.
TAIL : Set on high rather than
low. Tail is left natural.
FOREQUARTERS : Front legs seen
from front must stand parallel and have strong bone.
Shoulders : Long and sloping, connected firmly to
body. Should not be too loaded.
Upper arm : Long, making a right angle to shoulder
Elbows : Neither too close to side of chest nor
Forearm : Vertical, long, clean muscles.
Carpus (wrist) : Strong, well defined, but not exaggerated.
Metacarpus (Pastern) : Short, almost perpendicular
Front feet : Small, round, tight, well cushioned
and hard pads.
HINDQUARTERS : Very muscular,
the muscles brick hard and visible under the skin.
Hindlegs : Seen from rear straight.
Thigh : Long and broad. Angles of hip and knee are
open but as little as possible.
Knee (Stifle) : When dog is standing, should reach
so far forward that it would touch a vertical line
from point of hip to ground.
Lower thigh : Very muscular.
Hock : Strong and well defined but not exaggerated.
Angle approximately 140 degrees.
Metatarsus (Rear Pastern) : Short with slight inclination,
95-100 degrees to the ground.
Hind feet : Slightly longer than front feet, tight;
well cushioned and hard pads.
GAIT / MOVEMENT : Lively, full
of strength and nobility.
SKIN : Dry, elastic without
HAIR : Short, hard, glossy
and close fitting.
COLOUR : Fawn or brindle :
Fawn comes in various shades from light fawn to
dark deer red but the most attractive shades are
in the middle range (red fawn). Black mask. The
brindle variety : fawn background of varying shades
has dark or black stripes running parallel to ribs.
Stripes must contrast distinctly to ground colour.
White markings should not be discarded. They can
be quite pleasant.
SIZE AND WEIGHT :
Height at the withers : Dogs : 57-63 cm.
Females : 53-59 cm.
Weight : Dogs : over 30 kg when height at withers
is ca 60 cm.
Bitches : about 25 kg when height at withers is
ca 56 cm.
FAULTS : Any departure from
the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should
be regarded should be in exact proportion to its
Behaviour / Temperament : Aggressive,
vicious, cunning, untrustworthy, lack of spirit,
Head : Lack of nobility and typical expression,
sombre face, Pinscher or Bulldog type head. Dribbling,
showing of teeth or tongue. Muzzle too pointed or
slight. Bridge of nose falling away. Leather or
weather nose, pale nose leather. So called, “hawk
eye”, lack of pigment in haw.
In uncropped ears : Flapping, half erect or erect
ears, rose ears.
Wry jaw, slanting teeth, incorrect position of teeth,
poorly developed teeth and unsound teeth due to
Neck : Short, thick and throaty.
Body : Front too broad and low to the ground. Sagging
body, roach or sway back. Lean, long, narrow, sagging
loin, loosely coupled body.
Arched loin, croup falling away. Narrow pelvis,
hollow flanks, pendulous belly.
Tail : Low set on, kink tail.
Forehand : French front, loose shoulders, loose
elbows, weak pastern, hare foot, flat, splayed feet.
Hindquarters : Weak muscles. Too much or too little
angulation, down on hocks, barrel hocks, cow hocks,
narrow hocks, dewclaws, hare foot, flat, splayed
Movement : Waddling, insufficient reach, pacing,
Colour of coat : Mask extending beyond muzzle. Stripes
(brindling) too close together or too sparse.
Sooty ground colour. Mingled colours. Unattractive
white markings such as a whole white head or white
on one side of the head. Other colours and white
markings exceeding one third of the ground colour.
N.B. : Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.