ORIGIN: Dalmatia, Croatian
UTILIZATION: Companion dog,
family dog; easy to train as companion dog and as
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: The
origin of the Dalmatian is still obscure and rests
solely on suppositions.The earliest firm indications
are to be found in pictures by Italian painters
of the 16th century.
From depictions discovered in the tombs of ancient
Egyptian pharaohs and corresponding to those in
mediaeval paintings, it may be surmised that the
Dalmatian has been in existence for some two thousand
These indications provide serious grounds for concluding
that the breed originated in the Mediterranean region.
A work of Thomas Bewick, published in 1792, contains
a description and a drawing of a Dalmatian, which
Bewick refers to as "The Dalmatian or Coach
Dog". The first Dalmatian Standard was drawn
up in the year 1882 by an Englishman named Vero
Shaw. This standard was then incorporated in an
official standard in 1890.
GENERAL APPEARANCE: Distinctively
spotted, strong, muscular and active dog. Symmetrical
in outline, free from coarseness and lumber, capable
of great endurance and a fair turn of speed.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT: Outgoing
and friendly, not shy nor hesitant, free from nervousness
HEAD AND SKULL: Of fair length,
skull flat, broadest between ears, temporal well
defined. Stop well defined. Entirely free from wrinkle.
Muzzle long, powerful, never snippy; lips clean,
fitting jaw closely. Nose in black spotted variety
always black, in liver spotted variety always brown.
MOUTH: Jaws strong with a perfect,
regular and complete scissors bite.
EYES: Set moderately well apart,
medium size, round, bright and sparkling, with intelligent
expression. Colour dark in black spotted, light
brown up to amber in liver spotted. Eye rims completely
black or very dark coloured in black spotted, and
liver brown in liver spotted.
EARS: Set on high, moderate
size, rather wide at base, gradually tapering to
rounded point; carried close to head; thin and fine
in texture, well spotted.
NECK: Moderately long, well
arched, light and tapering; entirely free from throatiness.
BODY: Chest deep and capacious.
Ribs well sprung; well defined withers; powerful
level black; loin strongly muscular and slightly
TAIL: Reaching approximately
to the hock. Strong at the base, gradually tapering
towards end, free from coarseness. Never inserted
too low nor too high. Carried with a slight upward
curve, but never curled. Preferably spotted.
FOREQUARTERS: Shoulders moderately oblique, clean
and muscular. Elbows close to body. Forelegs perfectly
straight, strong, with good bone. Resilient pasterns.
HINDQUARTERS: Muscles well
developed and clean; good turn of stifle; hocks
slightly bent; viewed from behind hind legs parallel.
FEET: Round, compact, with
well arched toes, cat-like; pads - round, tough
and elastic. Nails black or white in black spotted
variety, in liver spotted brown or white.
GAIT: Great freedom of movement.
Smooth, powerful, rhythmic action with long stride;
viewed from behind, legs moving parallel, handless
tracking the fore. A short stride and paddling action
COAT TEXTURE: Short, hard, dense, smooth and glossy.
COLOUR: Ground colour pure
white. Black spotted variety with dense black spots,
liver spotted variety with liver brown spots; not
running together but round, well defined and well
distributed; size 2-3 cm in diameter. Spots on head,
tail and extremities smaller.
SIZE AND WEIGHT: Overall balance
of prime importance.
Height for Dogs: 56 - 61 cm, Ideal height 58 - 59
for Bitches: 54 - 59 cm, Ideal height 56 - 57 cm
Ideal weight for Dogs about 27 kg
Ideal weight for Bitches about 24 kg
FAULTS: Any departure from
the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should
be regarded should be in exact proportion to ist
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS: Patches,
monocle, tricolors (black and liver brown spots
on the same dog), Lemon (lemon spots. Other faults
of pigmentation: blue eye, wall eye, Definitely
over and undershot mouth, Deafness, Ectropion, entropion,
Very timid or aggressive behaviour.
N.B.: Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.