photo by: Kpt-vernu
FCI-Standard No 185 / 11.08.2000 / GB
TRANSLATION: Mrs C. Seidler.
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN : Germany
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD
UTILIZATION : House and Companion Dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group 2 Pinscher and Schnauzer-
Molossian breeds - Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
and other breeds. Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer
type. Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY
Miniature Pinschers were kept in large numbers around
the turn of the century already and the Stud Book
for 1925 records no less than 1300 entries. Like
with the German Pinscher, from the numerous colour
variations, only the colours black with lighter
markings and solid red to red-brown were thorough-bred.
The Miniature Pinscher is a reduced image of the
German Pinscher without the draw-backs of a dwarfed
appearance. His elegant square build is clearly
visible due to his short smooth coat.
The ratio from length to height shall make his build
appear as square as possible.
The length of the head (measured
fom the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds
to half the length of the topline (measured from
the withers to the set on of the tail).
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT
Lively, spirited, self assured and evenly tempered.
These qualities make him an agreeable family and
Skull : SStrong, elongated without markedly protruding
occiput. The forehead is flat without wrinkles,
running parallel to the bridge of nose.
Stop: Slight, yet clearly defined.
FACIAL REGION :
Nose : Noseleather well developed
Muzzle : Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose
Lips: Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaw.
Corners of lips closed.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete
scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the
dentition formula), is strong and firmly closing.
The chewing muscles are strongly developed without
pronounced cheeks interfering with the smooth outline.
Eyes : Dark, oval, with black pigmented close fitting
Ears : Prick ears ; drop ears, set high, V-shaped
with the inner edges lying close to the cheeks,
turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel,
should not be above the top of the skull.
Nobly curved, not too short. Blending smoothly into
the withers without any marked set on. Dry without
dewlap or throatiness. Throat skin tight-fitting
Topline: Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.
Withers: Forming the highest point in topline.
Back: Strong, short and taut.
Loins: Strong. The distance from last rib to hip
is short to make the dog appear compact.
Croup: Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending
into tail set on.
Chest: Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching
to elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by
the point of the sternum.
Underline and belly : Flanks not too tucked up,
forming a nicely curved line with the underside
of the brisket.
FOREQUARTERS : Seen from the front, the front legs
are strong, straight and not close together. Seen
from the side, the forearms are straight.
Shoulders: The shoulder blade lies close against
the ribcage and is well muscled on both sides of
the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of
the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and
well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50°
to the horizontal.
Upper arm: Lying close to the body, strong and well
muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 100°
to the shoulder blade.
Elbows: Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor
Forearm: Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely
straight seen from the front and the side.
Carpal joint: Strong and firm.
Pastern: Strong and springy. Seen from the front,vertical,
seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the
Forefeet: Short and round, toes well-knit and arched
(cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, black and
HINDQUARTERS : Standing obliquely, when seen from
the side, standing parallel but not close together
seen from the rear.
Upper thigh: Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled.
Stifle: Turning neither in nor out.
Lower thigh: Long and strong, sinewy, running into
a strong hock.
Hock: Markedly angulated, strong, firm, turning
neither in nor out.
Metatarsus : Vertical to the ground.
Hind feet: Somewhat longer than forefeet. Toes well-knit
and arched. Nails short and black.
GAIT / MOVEMENT
The Miniature Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains
firm and rather steady in movement. The movement
is harmonious, sure, powerful and uninhibited with
good length of stride. Typical of the trot is a
ground covering, relaxed, fluent movement with strong
drive and free front extension.
Tight fitting over the whole body.
HAIR : Short and dense, smooth, close and shiny
without bald patches.
Self coloured : Deer red, reddish-brown to dark
Black and Tan : Lacquer black
with red or brown markings. The aim is for markings
as dark, as rich and as clearly defined as possible.
The markings are distributed as follows: Above the
eyes, at the underside of the throat, on the pasterns,
on the feet, at the inside of the hind legs and
under the root of the tail. Two even, clearly separated
triangles on the chest.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers : Dogs and bitches: 25 to 30 cm.
Weight : Dogs and bitches: 4 to 6 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be
considered a fault and the seriousness with which
the fault should be regarded should be in exact
proportion to its degree.
Clumsy or light in build. Too low or too high on
Heavy or round skull.
Wrinkles on forehead.
Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
Light, too small or too large
Ears set low or very long,
Too long, tucked up or soft
Croup falling away.
Roans; black trace on the back,
dark saddle and lightened or pale coat.
Over- or undersize up to 1
Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
Lines of head not parallel.
Elbows turning out.
Hindlegs standing under the
Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
Hocks turning out.
Over- or undersize by more
than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.
Shy, aggressive, vicious, markedly suspicious, or
Malformation of any kind.
Lack of breed type.
Faults in mouth, such as over-
or undershot or wry mouth.
Severe faults in individual
parts, such as faults in structure, coat or colour.
Over- or undersize by more
than 2 cm.
NB: Male animals should have two apparently normal
testicles fully descended into the scrotum.