Miniature Schnauzer (Zwergschnauzer)
photo by: Shelti
FCI Standard N° 183 / 18.04.2007/
TRANSLATION: Mrs C. Seidler.
COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: Germany.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD:
UTILISATION: House and Companion Dog
CLASSIFICATION FCI : Group
2 Pinscher and Schnauzer- Molossoid breeds - Swiss
Mountain and Cattle Dogs and other breeds.
Section 1 Pinscher and Schnauzer type.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY :
Around the turn of the century a dwarf Schnauzer
from the Frankfurt/Main area went on his way, then
still described as a rough haired Zwergpinscher
(Miniature Pinscher). Due to the different shapes,
sizes and types and the muddle of harsh, soft and
silky coat textures, it was no easy task to evolve
a small dog with the appearance and the characteristic
qualities of his bigger brother, the Schnauzer.
GENERAL APPEARANCE : Small,
strong, stocky rather than slim, rough coated, elegant.
A reduced image of the Schnauzer without the drawback
of a dwarfed appearance.
IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS :
• Square build in which the height at the
withers is nearly equal to the body length.
• The length of the head
(measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput)
corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured
from the withers to the set on of the tail).
BEHAVIOUR/TEMPERAMENT : His
nature is similar to that of the Schnauzer and is
determined by the temperament and the behaviour
of a small dog. Intelligence, fearlessness, endurance
and alertness make the Miniature Schnauzer an agreeable
house dog as well as a watch and companion dog which
can be kept even in a small appartment without problems.
Skull : Strong, long without markedly protruding
occiput. The head should be in keeping with the
dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without
wrinkles and parallel to the bridge of nose.
Stop: Appears well defined due to the brows
Nose : Well developed nose leather, always black.
Muzzle : Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose
Lips : Black, smoot and tight-fitting to the jaws.
Corners of lips closed.
Jaws/Teeth : Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete
scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the
dentition formula), is strongly developed and firmly
closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed
but the cheeks must not interfere with the reactangular
shape of the head (with the beard).
Eyes: Medium sized, oval, facing foreward, dark
with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
Ears : Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner
edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried
, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel,
should not be above the top of the skull..
NECK : The strong, muscular
neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the
Strongly set on, slim, nobly curved, corresponding
to the dog’s force. Throat skin tight-fitting
Topline : Slightly sloping from withers towards
Withers: Forming the highest point in topline.
Back: Strong, short and taut.
Loins : Short, strong and deep. The distance from
the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog
Croup : Slightly rounded and imperceptibly blending
into tail set on.
Chest : Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching
to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked
by the point of the sternum.
Underline and belly : Flanks not too tucked up,
forming a well curved line with the underside of
TAIL : Natural; a sabre or
sickle carriage is sought after.
FOREQUARTERS : Seen from the
front, the front legs are strong, straight and not
close together. Seen from the side, the forearms
Shoulders: The shoulder blade lies close against
the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of
the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of
the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and
well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50°
to the horizontal.
Upper arm: Lying close to the body, strong and well
muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 105°
to the shoulder blade.
Elbows: Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.
Forearm : Viewed from all sides, completely straight,
strongly developed and well muscled.
Carpal joint: Strong, firm, barely standing out
against the structure of the forearm.
Pastern : Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from
the side slightly sloping towards the ground, strong
and slightly springy.
Forefeet : Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched
(cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.
HINDQUARTERS : Standing obliquely when seen from
the side, standing parallel but not close together
when seen from the rear.
Upper thigh : Moderately long, broad and strongly
Stifle :Turning neither in nor out.
Lower thigh : Long, strong and sinewy, running into
a strong hock.
Hock : Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning
neither in nor out.
Metatarsus : Short, vertical to the ground.
Hind feet : Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails
short and black.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: Flexible, elegant,
agile, free and ground covering. The forelegs swinging
as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground
covering and springy, provide the necessary drive.
The front leg of one side and the hind leg of the
other side move forward at the same time. The back,
the ligaments and the joints are firm.
SKIN : Tight fitting over the
HAIR : The coat should be wiry,
harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat
and a not too short top coat, lying close to the
body. The top coat is rough and sufficiently long
to allow the checking of its texture; it is neither
bristly nor wavy. The hair on the limbs tends to
be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears.
Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard
on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly
shade the eyes.
• Pure black with black undercoat.
• Pepper and Salt.
• Pure white with white undercoat.
When breeding Pepper and Salt,
the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed,
well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat.
The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are
all permitted. In all colour variations there must
be a dark mask, which should adapt harmoniously
to the respective colour. Distinct light markings
on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
For the Black/Silver colour, the aim in breeding
is a black top coat with black undercoat, white
markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, at the beard,
at the throat, in two divided triangles at the front
of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the feet,
on the inside of the hind legs and around the anus.
The forehead, the neck and the outer sides of the
ears should be black like the top coat.
SIZE AND WEIGHT
Height at withers Dogs and bitches between 30 and
Weight Dogs and bitches approximately
4 to 8 kg.
FAULTS : Any departure from
the foregoing points should be considered a fault
and the seriousness with which the fault should
be regarded should be in exact proportion to its
• Heavy or round skull.
• Wrinkles on forehead.
• Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
• Pincer bite.
• Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
• Light, too large or round eyes.
• Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
• Dewlap, narrow crest or neck.
• Too long, tucked up or soft back.
• Roach back.
• Croup falling away.
• Tail set inclined towards head.
• Long feet.
• Pacing movement.
• Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy,
• Brown undercoat.
• A black trace on the back or a black saddle.
• In Black/Silver not clearly separated triangles
on the chest.
• Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
SERIOUS FAULTS :
• Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high
• Inverse sexual type (e.g. doggy bitch).
• Elbows turning out.
• Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
• Lower thigh too long.
• Hocks turning inwards.
• Rear pastern too short.
• White or spotted coat in black or pepper
and salt dogs.
• Patchy coat in the colours black/silver
• Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but
less than 2 cm.
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
• Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly
suspicious or nervous behaviour.
• Malformation of any kind.
• Lack of breed type.
• Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot
or wry mouth.
• Severe faults in individual parts, such
as faults in construction, coat and colour.
• Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical
or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified
NB : Male animals should
have two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.