FCI-Standard N° 172 / 18.04.2007/GB
TRANSLATION : Jennifer Mulholland,
in collaboration with Raymond Triquet.
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD:
UTILIZATION: Companion dog
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I.: Group 9 Companion and Toy
Section 2 Poodle Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Etymologically, the French word “caniche”
(Poodle) comes from “cane”, the French
word for a female duck. In other countries, the
name of the breed is associated with splashing around
in water. Originally, this dog was used for wildfowling.
It descends from the Barbet of which it has conserved
many characteristics. In 1743, it was called the
“caniche”: the female of the barbet
in French. Thereafter the Barbet and the Caniche
(Poodle) were gradually separated. Breeders worked
hard to obtain original subjects of uniform colour.
The Poodle became very popular as a companion dog
because of its friendly, joyful and loyal character
and also because of its four sizes and different
colours which everyone can choose according to preference.
Dog of medium proportions, with a characteristic
frizzy coat which is either curly or corded. The
appearance is that of an intelligent dog, constantly
alert and active, harmoniously built, giving an
impression of elegance and pride.
• The length of the muzzle is approximately
9/10ths of that of the skull.
• The length of the body (scapular ischial)
is slightly superior to the height at withers.
• The height at withers is practically equal
to the height at the croup.
• The height at the elbow is 5/9ths of the
height at withers.
A dog renowned for its loyalty, capable of learning
and being trained thus making it a particularly
pleasant companion dog.
Distinguished, rectilinear and in proportion to
the body. The head must be well chiselled and neither
heavy nor excessively fine.
Skull: Its width is less than half the length of
the head. The entire skull, seen from above, appears
oval and seen from the side slightly convex. The
axes of skull and muzzle are slightly divergent.
Superciliary arches: Moderately pronounced and covered
with long hair.
Frontal furrow: Wide between the eyes, narrowing
towards the occiput ,which is very pronounced. (In
Miniatures it can be slightly less pronounced).
Stop: Only slightly pronounced.
Nose: Developed, vertical profile; open nostrils.
Black nose in black, white and grey subjects; brown
nose in brown subjects. In orange fawn (apricot)
or red fawn subjects the nose is brown or black.
Muzzle: Upper profile is perfectly straight; its
length is approximately 9/10ths of that of the skull.
The branches of the lower jaw are almost parallel.
The muzzle is strong.
The lower profile of the muzzle is determined by
the lower jaw and not by the edge of the upper lip.
Lips: Moderately developed, rather tight, of medium
thickness with the upper lip resting on the lower
lip without hanging over it. Black in black, white
and grey subjects; brown in brown subjects. In orange
fawn (apricot) and red fawn subjects, the lips are
more or less dark brown or black. The corner of
the lips must not be pronounced.
Jaws/teeth: Scissor bite. Strong teeth.
Cheeks: Not prominent, shaped on the bones. The
sub-orbital regions are chiselled and very slightly
filled. Zygomatic arches very slightly pronounced.
Eyes:Keen expression, placed at the level of the
stop and slightly oblique. Almond shaped. Black
or dark brown colour. In brown subjects the colour
may be dark amber.
Eyelids: The rims are black in black, white and
grey subjects. In orange fawn (apricot) or red fawn
subjects they may be brown or black.
Ears:Rather long, falling along the cheeks, set
on in the prolongation of a line going from the
top of the nose and passing under the outer corner
of the eye; flat, widening after the attachment
and rounded at the tip, they are covered with very
long, wavy hair. The leather should reach the corner
of the lips.
NECK: Strong ,slightly arched
after the nape, of medium length and well porportioned.
The head is carried high and proudly. The neck,
without dewlap, is of oval cross section. Its length
is slightly less than that of the head.
BODY: Well porprotioned. The
length is slightly superior to height at withers.
Withers: Moderately developed.
Back: Short. Topline harmonious and taut. The height
at withers is practically equal to the height from
the top of the croup to the ground.
Loin: Firm and muscled.
Croup: Rounded but not falling away.
Forechest: The point of the sternum should be slightly
prominent and set rather high.
Chest: Reaching the elbow; its width is equal to
2/3 of depth. In Standard Poodles, the perimeter
of the thorax, measured behind the shoulders, should
be superior by 10 cms to the height at withers.
Oval cross section, broad at dorsal part.
Belly & Flanks: Tucked up but not excessively
TAIL: Set on quite high at
the level of the loin. It can be either natural
or docked by 1/3 closest to the body or by 1/2 of
its length in countries where tail docking is not
forbidden. When standing the tail is low; in action
it is raised obliquely.
FOREQUARTERS: Perfectly upright
and parallel, well muscled with good bone. The height
from the elbow to the ground is slightly more than
half the height at withers.
Shoulders: Sloping, muscular. The shoulder blade
forms an angle of approximately 110° to the
Upper arm: The length of the humerus corresponds
to that of the shoulder blade.
Carpus (wrist): In continuous line with front of
Metacarpus (pastern): Strong and almost upright
seen in profile.
Front feet: Rather small, firm, of short oval shape.
Toes are well arched and tight fitting. The pads
are hard and thick. The nails are black in black
and grey subjects. They are black or brown in brown
subjects. In whites the nails may be any colour
in the range from horn colour to black. In the orange
fawns and red fawns they are brown or black.
HINDQUARTERS: Hind legs parallel seen from behind;
muscles developed and very apparent. The hock joint
is relatively well angulated; the coxal-femoral,
tibial-femoral and tibial-tarsal angles should be
Upper Thigh: Well muscled and strong.
Metatarsus (rear pastern): Rather short and upright.
The Poodle should be born without dewclaws on the
Hind feet: See front feet.
GAIT/MOVEMENT: The Poodle has
a light and springy gait.
SKIN: Supple, not loose, pigmented.
Black, brown, grey and orange fawn or red fawn Poodles
must be pigmented in accordance with the colour
of their coat. In white Poodles, a silver coloured
skin is sought after.
Curly Coats: Profuse of fine, woolly texture, very
frizzy, elastic and resistant to pressure of the
hand. It should be thick, well furnished, of equal
length and form even curls.
Corded Coats: Profuse of fine, woolly texture and
dense, forming characteristic cords which should
measure at least 20 cm.
COLOUR: Solid colour: black, white, brown, grey,
orange fawn (apricot) and red fawn.
Brown: Should be deep, rather dark, uniform and
warm. Beige and its paler derivatives are not admitted.
Grey: Must be uniform, deep, neither blackish nor
Orange fawn: Must be uniform without tending to
pale fawn, cream or red fawn.
Red fawn: Must be uniform over the entire body.
It must never tend to orange fawn.
Eyelids, nose, lips, gums, palate, natural orifices,
scrotum and pads are well pigmented.
Standard Poodles: Over 45cm up to 60cm with a tolerance
of +2cm. The Standard Poodle must be the enlarged
and developed replica of the Medium Poodle of which
it retains the same characteristics.
Medium Poodles: Over 35 cm up to 45cm.
Miniature Poodles: Over 28cm up to 35cm. The Miniature
Poodle must display the apprearance of a reduced
Medium Poodle, retaining as much as possible the
same proportions and without presenting any sign
Toy Poodles: Over 24 cm up to 28 cm (sought after
ideal: 25cm) (with a tolerance of -1cm). The Toy
Poodle maintains, in its ensemble, the aspect of
a Miniature Poodle and the same general proportions
complying with all the points of the standard. Any
sign of dwarfism is excluded; only the occipital
protuberance may be less pronounced.
FAULTS: Any departure from the foregoing points
should be considered a fault and the seriousness
with which the fault should be regarded should be
in exact proportion to its degree.
• Roach or sway back.
• Tail set on too low.
• Too restless subject.
Absence of 2PM1 is not taken into account.
Absence of one or two PM2, if symmetrical.
Absence of M3 is not taken into account.
• Partially depigmented nose.
• Snipey nose.
• Pointed muzzle.
• Arched bridge of nose.
Absence of two PM2 if not symmetrical.
• Eyes too big or sunken, not dark enough.
• Ears too short.
• Croup falling away.
• Tail curved over the back.
• Rear anuglations too straight.
• Flowing or extended gait.
• Sparse, soft or harsh hair.
• Colour not clearly defined or not uniform:
blackish grey or whitish grey, washed out fawn,
cream, beige in browns or very dark brown.
• Aggressive or overly shy.
• Nose completely depigmented.
• Lack of type, particularly in head.
• Overshot or undershot.
Absence of 1 incisor or 1 canine or 1 carnassial
upper jaw, M1 lower jaw).
Absence of one PM3 or of one PM4
Absence of three or more PM (except PM1)
• Absence of tail or naturally short tail.
• Dewclaws or evidence of dewclaws on rear
• Coat which is not solid colour.
• White marks.
• White hairs on feet.
• Height exceeding 62cm in Standards and inferior
to 23cm in Toys.
• Any subject displaying signs of dwarfism,
globulous skull, absence of occipital protuberance,
very pronounced stop, prominent eyes muzzle too
short and turned up, receding chin.
• Median furrow practically inexistant.
• Very light bone in Toys.
• Tail curled with the tip falling over the
flank or the croup.
Any dog clearly showing physical
or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. Male animals should have
two apparently normal testicles fully descended
into the scrotum.
Addition to Standard
AUTHORIZED SHOW CLIPS
“Lion Clip”: The
Poodle, whether curly or corded, shall be clipped
on the hindquarters up to the ribs.
Also clipped: the muzzle, above and underneath from
the lower eyelids; the cheeks; the fore and hindlegs,
except for the cuffs or bracelets and optional motifs
on the hindquarters; the tail, except for round
or oblong terminal pompom. A moustache is required
for all subjects.
Leaving hair, called “trousers” , on
the forelegs is admitted.
Leaving hair on all four legs is only admitted on
condition that the following norms are respected:
1. Shall be clipped:
a) The lower part of the forelegs, from the nails
to the tip of the dewclaw, the lower part of the
hindlegs to the same height. Machine clipping, limited
to the toes only, is admitted.
b) The head and the tail in compliance with rules
described above. Shall be exceptionally admitted
in this clip:
The presence, under the lower jaw, of short hair
no longer than 1cm the lower line of which should
be cut parallel to the lower jaw. A beard, called
“goat’s beard” , is not permitted.
The suppression of the pompom on the tail.
2. Shortened coat:
Over the body, in order to give “shot silk”
effect on the line of the back, more or less long
but at least 1cm. The length shall be gradually
increased over the ribs and above the limbs.
3. Neatened coat:
a) On the head which keeps a topknot of reasonable
height as well as down behind the neck to the withers
and the front, without discontinuity, to the shaven
part of the foot following a slightly slanting line
from the top of the forechest downwards. On the
top of the ears and for a maximum of one third of
their length, the coat may be cut with scissors
or clipped in the direction of the hair. The lower
part shall be left covered in hair whose length
shall increase gradually, from top to bottom, to
end in fringes which may be levelled.
b) On the limbs, “trousers”
making a distinct transition from the shaven part
of the feet. The length of the hair increases gradully
towards the top to display, on the shoulder and
likewise the thigh, a length of 4 to 7 cm measured
by pulling the hair to straighten it, in proportion
to the size of the exhibit while avoiding any “fluffy”
effect. The hind “trousers” must allow
for the typical angulation of the Poodle to be seen.
All other fancy clips which do not comply with these
norms are eliminatory. Whatever the standard outline
obtained by grooming, it should have no influence
whatsoever on the placements in shows, all exhibits
in the same class should be judged and placed together.
To the “Lion Clip” add motifs on the
hindquarters, i.e. bracelets and cuffs. On the head:
a topknot. For this clip the moustache is optional.
The absence of demarcation on the hair of the hindquarters
is tolerated. The topknot is optional (it is forbidden
to use lacquer or any other substance to keep the
topknot in place).
Poodles which are not groomed in conformity with
the standard cannot (as long as they are like this)
be judged in shows or official events, without however
being disqualified for breeding purposes.