Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Inflammatory bowel disease
occurs in middle-aged and older dogs. It is a reaction
that the stomach or intestines have to chronic irritation.
Vomiting and diarrhea may both be present, and,
if the condition goes untreated, the dog will have
a poor appetite and lose weight.
To treat inflammatory bowel
disease, ideally your vet should diagnose the underlying
disease that is causing the chronic irritation.
If diagnosis is not feasible, however, a change
in diet can be prescribed. If that is not successful,
corticosteroids and other drugs can be tried.
Alternative therapy info
Inflammatory bowel disease;
irritable bowel syndrome; eosinophilic gastritis/enteritis/colitis.
These are all variations on the same theme: Inappropriate
intestinal inflammation. Causes include, but are
not limited to: Food allergies; stressors such as
physical/emotional trauma; sensitivity to xenobiotics
in commercial food; the vaccinosis issue (inappropriate
immune stimulation catalyzed by excessive antigenic
stimulation from vaccines); in traditional Chinese
medicine you have liver qi stagnation (stressors,
chemicals, emotions, allergies) developing into
heat (stasis of the metabolically active liver allows
for internal development of heat) overacting on
some site within the GI tract. What to do?
Dietary management with
a hypoallergenic (for the individual sensitivity
of that individual patient) fresh food diet. Use
wetly-cooked white rice, sweet potato, yam, squash
or pumpkin, with a bland cooked source of protein.
Studies in humans indicate that animal protein and
animal fats contribute to this Inflammatory Bowel
syndrome. Those studies also point out that the
ration of Omega3 to Omega 6 oils needs to be about
1:4 for management and prevention of IBS. Be careful
adding rich foods to the elimination diet, this
includes the addition of flax oil (1 tsp/25 pounds/day)--do
it gradually .Concentrated fish oil extracts containing
standardized extracts of eicosapentaenoic acid and
docosapentaenoic acid which help to inhibit the
pro-inflammatory arachidonic acid eicosanoid cascade.
Start this supplement gradually as well. Give 180mg
EPA for each 25 pounds of body weight (work up slowly)
Hypoallergenic commercial diets are better than
no dietary change at all, have the client add wetly-cooked
white rice to the meal to lower the percentage protein
and added some GI benefit. The World Health Organization
has sanctioned the use of rice water for the treatment
of diarrhea in developing countries. Rice water
has been shown to contain some special polypeptides
that help to tighten up the intestinal cell tight
junctions--thereby improving water resorption from
the lower bowel. Anti-oxidants and anti-inflammatory
agents such as Ester- C (250-3000mg/day), Vitamin
A (5000-10000 IU/day), zinc(5-20 mg/day), Vitamin
E (400-1200 IU/day) and selenium (25-150 mg/day)
are supportive of this healing process.
Add beneficial bacteria and pro biotic enhancers
such as fructo-oligosaccharides, inulin and/or jerusalem
artichoke flour; exogenous digestive enzymes to
help support digestion and take some of the burden
off a potentially inflamed pancreas; high doses
of glutamine 500-3000 mg/day will help to support
intestinal cell repair. Glutamine has been shown
to have many functions, including the repair of
intestinal villous atrophy. The use of soothing
demulcent herbs such as aloe vera gel, marshmallow
root, or slippery elm (caution, its an endangered
species), or ground psyllium seed can help with
the mucosal inflammation. A Chinese herb: pseudoginseng
(500- 2000mg/day) can be very helpful with hemorrhagic
inflammatory bowel cases, and clinically cats claw
(uncaria tormentosa) seems to work well in relieving
inflammation. The Chinese herbal combination, Ginseng
and Atractylodes, Coptis and Evodia, and the ITM
formula Ginseng 18 have all been helpful in supporting
the repair process.